Preparation of production for innovative cooperation of subjects of social and economic processes as a basis of model of circular economy
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of different author's approaches to the definition of the category "circular economy" and the place and role of scientific and technical preparation of production as a prerequisite for innovative cooperation of socio-economic processes in implementing the circular economy model. The existence of different approaches to the definition of "circular economy" researchers explain, as a rule, the peculiarity of the view of this model of production processes. We propose to classify the studied approaches according to certain dominant features. Such dominants are defined in the relevant publications. In particular, we propose the following features for grouping research: the resource approach (known as the 3-R approach), the 3-element approach, the "environmental approach", the "global rethinking of waste as a resource", the "approach of seven key circular economy tools". It is proved that an important component of the studied processes is scientific, technical and environmental preparation of production. Due to the obligatory addition of the ecological component, the preparation of production acquires a new content. In the preparation of production, the foundations of innovative cooperation of the subjects of socio-economic processes are laid. In determining the composition of technologies, selection of equipment, equipment, tools, raw materials, materials, the manufacturer must take into account the environmental consequences of operation, repair and, ultimately, disposal of products. This indicates the scientific, technical and environmental preparation of production for innovative cooperation of the subjects of socio-economic processes as a basis, the primary source of formation and implementation of the circular economy.
Key words: circular economy; scientific, technical and ecological preparation of production; subjects of socio-economic processes; model of circular economy.