Innovative activity of industrial enterprises of Ukraine: analytical aspect
Abstract. The article establishes that innovative activity, especially in modern conditions, accompanied by tough competition, is a necessary factor in the successful development of economic, technological, scientific and other structures. The essence of the directions of innovative development of an industrial enterprise by categories of a different order is characterized. The dynamics of the share of the number of industrial enterprises that introduced innovations in the total number of industrial enterprises in Ukraine has been investigated. The volume of sold innovative products in the total volume of sold products of industrial enterprises of Ukraine was analyzed, the number of innovatively active enterprises for the period 2000-2019 was determined. Analysis of the dynamics of the share of the number of innovatively active enterprises in the total number of industrial enterprises confirmed the conclusions about the influence of external factors and the external environment on the innovative development of an industrial enterprise. The paper studies the dynamics of the total expenditures in the areas of innovative activity of industrial enterprises in Ukraine, the analysis of which shows that during the entire research period the largest costs in the total expenditures in the areas of activity of industrial enterprises are the costs of purchasing machinery, equipment and software and external research and development. The analysis of the dynamics of gross domestic expenditures on R&D by sources of financing of the member states of the European Union and other countries is carried out. It is shown that financing aimed at obtaining technological innovations in aircraft construction, rocket and space construction, nuclear power industry, shipbuilding, instrument making, in the production of metalworking equipment is a priority in modern conditions. The factors of negative influence on the achievement in the near future of positive results in the development of the innovation sphere among a wide range of industrial enterprises are substantiated.
Key words: innovative development, innovation, innovative activity, appropriations.