Features of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign students
Abstract. The article considers the problem of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign students. The main areas of study related to the essence of the concepts of adaptation are identified. In particular, adaptation is seen as a set of adaptive responses that involve the active development of the environment, its change and the creation of such conditions that will be necessary for further successful activities.
In the article supports the idea that the process of adaptation is not complete and continues throughout the stay of the individual in another's environment.
The article considers the term social adaptation as a property of the social subject and its socially significant actions are directed, first of all, to changes in the structure of «I» and in the actions, and only then in transformation of environment.
Speaking of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign students, there are several stages, namely: «honeymoon», the period of «crisis», the period of «recovery» and «adaptation». Each of these stages has a decisive influence on the next, the more successful the previous one, the easier the next one will be. In the article analyzes in detail each of the outlined stages.
Also, the article describes the functions of sociocultural adaptation: application, adaptation, integrative, orientation, status, role.
The article analyzes the features of socio-cultural adaptation in relation to the influence of various factors on it, namely: macrosocial influence, factors related to the life of the individual, individual factors.
Key words: adaptation, sociocultural adaptation, stages of adaptation, foreign students.