The role of motivation in the training of future railway transport specialists
Abstract. The article clarifies and explores the role of motivation in the training of future railway transport specialists. The definitions of "motive", "need", "motivation" have been clarified. The hierarchy of the concepts need-motive-motivation is clarified. It is investigated that the motive of the personality is closely connected with the orientation of the individual to the activity and the degree of manifestations of activity in it. The role of human needs is clarified. Need acts as a catalyst for human behavioral activity. It is needs that control thinking, feelings, emotions, and so on. The presence of needs in the individual determines a number of goals that the individual sets for himself. In order to achieve the set goals related to the needs of the individual, the individual must choose the motives. Hierarchical levels of needs are considered.
Blocks of motives are studied: direct and indirect. Different classifications of motives are considered: external and internal; potential and relevant.
It was found that the educational and professional activities of students are influenced by three groups of motives: direct-motivational motives are based on emotions (negative or positive); promising and motivating - the prestige of the specialty; intellectually motivating - satisfaction from the very process of cognition, the desire for self-development.
The functions of motives in the professional training of future railway transport specialists are highlighted. The reasons for students' low academic performance have been identified.
A survey of first-year college students was conducted to identify the reasons for low performance. The results of the questionnaire became the basis for improving the educational process and finding ways to improve learning outcomes (individual and group consultations; work on developing skills of independent activity and time planning for homework; innovative learning technologies aimed at interest in educational material, practical orientation of training courses, etc. ).
The leading motives of students' educational activity are revealed and researched, as well as their dynamics of changes during the period of study at the college (I - IV courses) is described.
Key words: motivation, motive, need, professional training, future specialists, railway transport.