PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEMS


Abstract

Abstract. The article describes the deployment of market transformations in all spheres of the economy of Ukrainian society, including in education. This causes changes in human living conditions and requirements for its social formation and development, which is what is happening in the education system. The authors distinguish socio-pedagogical systems, which includes educational institutions and institutions at all levels of educational organization, from pre-school to postgraduate education.

The article emphasizes that any socio-pedagogical system needs management, the requirements to which are similarly changed during the formation and development of a new the socio-economic structure of society. Management from authoritarian is gradually becoming really flexible, affiliate, adaptive. The practical use of new management requires consideration of its philosophical aspects, since it is linked to the involuntary restructuring of the ideological positions of the executives.

Transformation processes are the subject of research on domestic and foreign scientists.

Analytical review of literary sources, as noted by the authors, testifies to the study of issues on changing the world outlook of the person, modernization of the educational process in educational institutions, development of synergetic principles of management, etc. The issues of the emergence and affirmation of reflective control as a kind of adaptive control are highlighted separately. In Ukraine, there is a School of Adaptive Management of Social and Pedagogical Systems, whose representatives disseminate knowledge and experience of using content, forms, and technologies of a new type of management activity in educational practice. In general, research on this topic is diverse and conducted at the intersection of different sciences, technology, pedagogy, psychology, and inter-scientific relations. However, the authors identify a lack of research on the philosophical aspect of adaptive management.

Usually, the philosophical foundations of management in the traditional system was the philosophy of determinism, which is characterized by the causal conditionality of phenomena / processes. The development of the information society and market relations have brought to life the synergistic processes that occur under conditions of instability and accompany the self-organization of complex systems.

The authors distinguish from the synergetic position four stages of self-development: destabilization - the result: swaying ties; orientation - result: orientation to a certain direction of development; organizational - result: self-structuring, the appearance of neoplasm; productive -result: qualitative and quantitative changes, self-development.

The article provides a comparative analysis of the philosophical and functional basis of traditional and adaptive management. The authors conclude that the philosophical basis of adaptive management is the theory of instability, which explains the nonlinear development. Finally, the direction of further research is identified.

Keywords: philosophical aspect, adaptive management, instability theory, synergetics, socio-pedagogical systems.

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Author Biographies

Halyna Yelnykova, Ukrainian Engineering and Pedagogical Academy, Kharkov, Ukraine

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy, Methods and Management of Education of the Ukrainian Engineering and Pedagogical Academy, Kharkov, Ukraine

Evgeny Sulima, DKLexAcademy Business School

Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Member of the Board; DKLexAcademy Business School, Narva mnt. 7 - 546, Tallinn, 10117, Estonia

Published
2020-03-10
How to Cite
Yelnykova, H., & Sulima, E. (2020). PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEMS. Adaptive Management: Theory and Practice. Pedagogics, 8(15). https://doi.org/10.33296/2707-0255-8(15)-04
Section
1. Adaptive management in educational theory